- Answers Physics Study Guide Section10 2 Machines bibme free bibliography citation maker mla apa chicago harvard Page 1.
Previous scribe was abducted by aliens and hasn't scribed ever since, so I inherited his scribing powers under the 'first come, first serve' rule. The study guide is straightforward. Grade 12 physics students can do this in their sleep. 10.1 WORK AND ENERGY STUDY GUIDE Note: Capitalized words are the answers to fill-in-the-blanks. Work Work is the product of the FORCE exerted on an object and the DISTANCE the object moves in the DIRECTION of the force. The equation used to calculate work is W = Fd.
In this equation, W stands for WORK, F stands for FORCE, and d stands for DISTANCE. Work has no direction, so it is a scalar quantity. The SI unit of work is the JOULE. When a force of one NEWTON moves an object a distance of one METRE, one JOULE of work is done. Work is done on an object only if the object MOVES. Work is done only if the FORCE and the DISTANCE are in the same direction.
Work and Direction of Force If a force is exerted IN THE DIRECTION OF the motion, work is done. If a force is exerted PERPENDICULAR to the motion, no work is done. If a force is exerted at another angle to the motion, only the component of the force IN THE DIRECTION OF the motion does work. The magnitude of this component is found by multiplying the force applied by the COSINE of the angle between the force and the DIRECTION OF THE MOTION. When friction opposes motion, the work done by friction is NEGATIVE. When work is done on an object, ENERGY is transferred. Work is the transfer of energy as the result of MOTION.
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This transfer can be POSITIVE or NEGATIVE. Power Power is the RATE of doing work, or the RATE at which ENERGY is transferred. The equation used to calculate power is P = W/t. In this equation, P stands for POWER, W stands for WORK, and t stands for TIME. The unit of power is the WATT.
One JOULE of energy transferred in one second equals one watt. This is a very small unit, so power is often measured in KILOWATTS. Symbol for kinetic energy: K 2.
Calculation of kinetic energy: mv^2/2 3. Symbol for work: W 4. Calculation of work: Fd 5. Statement that the work done on an object is equal to the object’s change in kinetic energy: Delta K = W 6. Equivalent to 1 kg.m^2/s^2: 1 J 7. Through the process of doing work, energy can move between the environment and the system as the result of FORCES.
If the environment does work on the system, the quantity of work is POSITIVE. If the environment does work on the system, the energy of the system INCREASES. If the system does work on the environment, the energy of the system DECREASES. In the equation W = Fd, Fd holds only for CONSTANT forces exerted in the direction of displacement. In the equation W = Fd cos theta, angle theta is the angle between F and the X-AXIS. W 0: B, E, F 14. W = 0: A, D 15.